Saturday, September 14, 2013

List of National Symbols of Nepal

1. Bird
The himalayan Monal, Lophophorus impejanus also known as the Impeyan Monal or Impeyan Pheasant or Danphe is a bird of genus Lophophorus of the pheasant family, Phasianidae. It is the national bird of Nepal, where it is known as the Danfe, and the state bird of  Uttarakhand.

2. Emblem
The coat of arms of Nepal was changed during the reconciliation period following the Nepalese Civil War. On 30 December 2006, a new coat of arms was introduced. It contains the flag of Nepal, Mount Everest, green hills symbolising the hilly regions of Nepal and yellow colour symbolising the fertile Terai region, male and female hands joining to symbolise gender equality, and a garland of rhododendrons (the national flower). Atop this is a white silhouette in the shape of Nepal.

3. Flag
The national flag of Nepal  is the world's only non-quadrilateral national flag. The flag is a simplified combination of two single pennons, the vexillological word for a pennant. Its crimson red is the colour of the rhododendron, the country's national flower. Red is also the sign of victory in war. The blue border is the colour of peace. Until 1962, the flag's emblems, the sun and the crescent moon, had human faces. They were removed to modernize the flag.

4. Dress
Daura-Suruwal is a national costume of Nepal, which is worn by males.

5. National Anthem
Nepali Translation

;of}+ y'·f km"nsf xfdL Pp^} dfnf g]kfnL
;j{ef}d e} km}lnPsf] d]rL dxfsfnL=============2
       k|s[ltsf sf]^L sf]^L ;Dkbfsf] cf“rn
       jL/x?sf /utn] :jtGq / c^n
!fge"ld zflGte"ld t/fO{ kxf* lxdfn
cv)* of] Kof/f] xfd|f] dft[e"ld g]kfn
ax'n hflt efiff wd{ ;+:s[lt %g\ ljzfn
cu|ufdL /fi^« xfd|f] ho ho g]kfn ÛÛÛ

English Translation
Woven from hundreds of flowers, we are one garland that's Nepali
Spread sovereign from Mechi to Mahakali
A playground for nature's wealth unending
Out of the sacrifice of our braves, a nation free and unyielding
A land of knowledge, of peace, the plains, hills and mountains tall
Indivisible, this beloved land of ours, our motherland Nepal
Of many races, languages, religions, and cultures of incredible sprawl
This progressive nation of ours, all hail Nepal

6. Animal
Cattle (colloquially cows) are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates. They are a prominent modern member of the subfamily Bovinae, are the most widespread species of the genus Bos, and are most commonly classified collectively as Bos primigenius. Cattle are raised as livestock for meat (beef and veal), as dairy animals for milk and other dairy products, and as draft animals (oxen or bullocks) (pulling carts, plows and the like).

7. Flower
Rhododendron is a genus of over 1000 species of woody plants in the heath family, either evergreen or deciduous. Most species have showy flowers.

8. Language

The national language of Nepal is Nepali Language.Nepali or Nepalese is a language in the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family. It is the official language and de facto lingua franca of Nepal and is also spoken in Bhutan and parts of India. In India, it is one of the country's 2nd official languages: Nepali has official language status in the formerly independent state of Sikkim and in West Bengal's Darjeeling district. Nepali developed in proximity to a number of Tibeto-Burman languages, most notably Kirati and Gurung, and shows Tibeto-Burman influences.

9 Colors
Crimson is a strong, bright, deep reddish purple color.